Angular vs. React: How to Choose the Best One for Your Web App
You've heard of Angular and React, but what is the difference between them? This article will help you make the best choice for your web app.
Angular vs. React How to Choose the Best One for Your Web App
What is Angular?
Angular is a full-featured framework for building web apps. It's the most popular front-end framework for building single-page applications (SPAs). It can create dynamic views of data on web pages from within its own internal codebase or by connecting to any application programming interface (API) or back end (databases like MySQL).
The code behind an Angular application is written in a language called TypeScript. It also uses HTML and CSS to style the user interface (UI) and control its layout.
What is React?
React was developed by Facebook and was initially released in 2013. It was developed with an approach similar to functional programming.
The main objective of React is to be fast, scalable, and simple. It works only on user interfaces in applications. This correspondingly helps the programmer to generate reusable UI components.
Pros and Cons of Angular
There are many pros and cons of Angular to consider before deciding to select it to be your framework of choice. We’ll discuss the benefits of using Angular for your web app and the potential limitations.
Advantages of Angular
Angular is a complete framework, which includes the view layer, React is not. If you use React you may need to use additional libraries for certain features.
Angular uses a two-way data binding approach. This means that when you update the view, the model gets updated as well, and vice versa.
Angular supports both unit testing and end-to-end testing whereas React only supports unit testing with the help of third-party tools like Jest.
Disadvantages of Angular
A disadvantage of using a ready-made Angular is that it can hide the underlying complexity of building an app. If later on, you want to understand how something works under the hood, it can be difficult to dig down to a lower level to fully grasp why certain behaviors occur.
Angular boasts a wide array of features that are not included in React. This may sound like an advantage at first, but the additional features add a level of complexity. Angular is much more verbose than React. Angular also has an opinionated style and structure, React does not.
Although Angular supports unit testing, one of the common complaints about Angular is that it can be hard to write tests for, especially because of the framework's opaqueness.
Pros and Cons of React
Just like its counterpart, React offers both pros and cons that have to be considered before a decision can be made. We’ll highlight the advantages and disadvantages of using React as the framework for your projects and software solutions.
Advantages of React
You want to know an answer to the question, is React better than Angular? These advantages might be able to help provide an answer to that question. One of the biggest advantages of React is that it allows us to create reusable UI components. A key advantage of this approach is that if we have an application with different views, we can have each view built as a composition of components. This offers an additional advantage in that these components can also be shared across multiple projects.
Another advantage of using React is that unlike Angular, which uses simple watches to detect changes in models and update the view, React’s virtual DOM uses one-way data flow which makes it easier to understand how the state changes affect the rest of the app.
React has an additional advantage in that it is much easier to learn than Angular, so developers can be productive quickly. The learning curve is further reduced by the availability of a wide variety of React-based open source projects that can be used as templates for developers to use as the starting point for their own projects.
Disavantages of React
While React is a useful and flexible tool, there are several disadvantages that have to be considered when thinking of React versus Angular.
React is a library, not a framework. This can be a better or worse option depending on your scenario, as you may spend a lot of time deciding between, and setting up suitable libraries before you can actually get started on the development of your project.
One of the most obvious cons is that React doesn't provide an out-of-the-box solution for routing. This means that if you want to use routing in your application, you need to pick a router library and include it in your project yourself. One workaround is using react-router which is one of the most popular routing libraries. It's not the only option, but it is by far the most popular one.
Compare this to Angular which comes with a built-in router called ngRoute which works very well. This networking solution is also relatively easy to set up.
The Main Differences Between Angular and React
Angular and React are the two most popular options when discussing frontend frameworks and libraries. They are both open-source and have a large community of developers. The is not just one difference between React and Angular the list of what sets these two options apart is quite extensive. Here are the main differences between React and Angular:
- Angular is a complete framework, while React is a library.
- React uses virtual DOM, while Angular uses real DOM.
- React has only a view layer, while Angular is a complete MVC framework.
- Angular’s templating language is HTML, while React uses JSX.
- Angular has a higher learning curve than React, which has a gentler learning curve.
- Angular offers routing out-of-the-box. React requires a routing library. This difference between Angular and React is important if networking is a concern.
This concludes our comparison of Angular vs React, now you’re probably wondering which one to choose!
React or Angular: What to Choose for Web Application Development
Comparing Angular vs React is difficult as they are both excellent options. Angular is a robust platform that can be used to build full-stack applications, while React is a library that makes it easy to create interactive UIs.
Both have similar learning curves, however, Angular has a slightly steeper learning curve than React because of its TypeScript syntax and stricter structure. However, if you’re concerned about finding developers with experience in each framework, you should know that according to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey for the most popular web frameworks, React is clearly the more popular choice. This comparison of Angular vs React popularity might help you decide between the two if you are building a new team, or plan on hiring new developers for your project.
If you're looking for developer productivity and scalability (and especially if you want to build a progressive web app), Angular is an excellent choice. However, if you need a lightweight solution that's flexible enough to tackle any type of project, then React is your best bet. This comparison should help you choose React or Angular for your specific use case.
Here at Integrio System, we use advanced technologies to deliver excellent custom web application development services. We have been using the latest web development technologies to build highly secure, scalable, and efficient applications for the last 20 years. We have implemented more than a hundred web solutions for bootstrapped startups and large enterprises. Even with this experience, the comparison of Angular versus React is still difficult. One can not say one option is simply “better” than the other. They both offer unique advantages over the other. When deciding which to choose for a certain project, our senior technical experts will assess the budget, needs, and scalability of certain solutions to help drive their decision as to whether they should choose Angular or React.
Either React or Angular could work as excellent solutions for your specific project. They each have their own unique features, strengths, and weaknesses. If you have never used either before, we think it’s definitely worth your time to check them both out and develop some proofs-of-concept with each. As with most things, it comes down to what is a better fit for your unique situation. Now that you have concluded reading this article, you should have a better idea of how to choose between Angular and React. If you’d like to consult proven experts in this field, consider contacting Integrio Systems today, our team would be happy to help.